In the far top corner of the graveyard lies the largest memorial stone, where the first Superintendant rests, Dr Campbell Clark.


He was born at Tarbert, Loch Fyne, the son of Donald Clark, a merchant, and his wife Margaret Campbell. His father died when he was young and they then moved to Lochgilhead. He was educated there at the Free Church School. From around 1867 he assisted at the local asylum, where he learnt an empathy for the patients and a need to learn more about how the brain worked.

He worked for some years as a warehouseman in Glasgow then studied medicine at Edinburgh University graduating MB ChB in 1878 and gaining his doctorate (MD) in 1886.

He was assistant medical officer at the Melrose Asylum before joining the Edinburgh Asylum under Dr Thomas Clouston. He was twice married and had two sons and one daughter.

Around 1890 he became Medical Superintendent of the Glasgow District Asylum at Bothwell. In 1895 he was appointed Chief Medical Superintendent of the newly completed Lanark Asylum, Hartwood Hospital, with over 2500 patients it was later the largest asylum in Europe.

Dr Archibald Campbell Clark, aimed to “cure where possible and give the best possible care when a cure cannot be found.”

Controversially by today's standards (but acceptable at the time) Hartwood employed electroconvulsive therapy and was the first place in Scotland to perform a lobotomy in attempts to control behaviour.

He was the first to advocate professional training of all staff, and had a strong reputation for improving the actual conditions of those detained within the hospital.

He lectured at St Mungo’s College in Glasgow and was president of the Caledonian Medical Society

He is recognised for writing several publications such as :

The Special Training of Asylum Attendants (1884)

  • Essays on Hallucinations by Asylum attendants (1884)
  • Handbook for Instruction of Asylum Attendants (1885)
  • Experimental Dietetics in Lunacy Practice (1887)
  • The Sexual and Reproductive Functions, Normal and Perverted, in Relation to Insanity (1888)
  • Etiology, Pathology and Treatment of Puerperal Insanity (1888)
  • The Future of Asylum Service (1894)
  • A Clinical Manual of Mental Diseases (1897)
  • The Therapeutic Value (on Mental Health) of Spleen Removal (1898)
  • On Epileptic Speech (1899)

He died of influenza on 28 November 1901 at his house in Hartwood Village within the grounds of the hospital and was burried within the hospital cemetery in Hartwood on the 02/12/1901.


Memorial plaque to Campbell Clark, Royal Edinburgh Hospital